If you want to start a carpet cleaning business, enrolling in a carpet cleaning course should be your first step. In the class, you will learn about routine carpet cleaning processes and regular maintenance techniques. This will include vacuuming and removing simple stains. You will also be able to assess the extent of carpet cleaning required and the appropriate chemicals, methods and equipment needed to meet the client's expectations. What exactly will you study?

Carpet Construction and Fibres

You will learn about the different types of carpets, including woven, modular, flocked and tufted carpets. Additionally, you will learn about the different carpet styles, usually classified as cut piles and loop piles. Cut-pile styles may include saxony, plush, cut and loop, shag and hard twist. Loop pile may consist of Berber, heather, tweed, level loop, multi-level loop and sisal/cord.

You will also learn about the different types of carpet fibres: wool, nylon, wool nylon, polypropylene (olefin) and polyester. Knowing this will help in understanding how various factors will affect the different carpets and how cleaning will be achieved.

Identification of Different Categories of Soils

There are mainly two categories of soils in carpet cleaning, dry soils and in-ground or oily soils. Dry soils include fine particulates, grit, litter, dirt and dust and can be removed through vacuuming on a regular basis. In-ground soils include stains, spillage, gum and tar and cigarette burns. These require some detergent use to break them down.

How Do Carpets Soil?

Spills may occur on your carpet. This can be from beverages, food, pet or human excretions and medicine.

Carpet dirt may be caused by tracked-in soils, which arise from dirty shoes and wheels of wheelchairs and trolleys.

Carpet dirt can also occur from airborne soils, including smoke, fine dust, pollutants and vaporised oils.

The Types of Commercial Vacuum Cleaners

When learning the different types of vacuums, you will also learn how each works and how to operate each safely. The different types of vacuum cleaners may include backpack, canister, upright, drum, cyclonic, central, wet and wet/dry.

Different Types of Vacuuming

Spot vacuuming entails vacuuming the visible areas. These are areas where you can see soiling, litter, dirt or grit.

Traffic vacuuming involves vacuuming areas where people walk, leaving out the rest.

Detail vacuuming entails vacuuming areas such as under furniture—mainly areas that are not walked on by people.

Full vacuuming, which can be time-consuming, includes vacuuming the entire carpet area from one wall to the other.